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Venezuela may spoil Obama-Castro fiesta

Andres Oppenheimer: Venezuela may spoil Obama-Castro fiesta
BY ANDRES OPPENHEIMER AOPPENHEIMER@MIAMIHERALD.COM
03/14/2015 8:00 AM 03/14/2015 4:25 PM

Escalating tensions between Washington and Venezuela are likely to
eclipse the much-awaited meeting between President Barack Obama and
Cuban dictator Raúl Castro at the upcoming Summit of the Americas in
Panama, which is expected to mark a historic return of Cuba to the
inter-American diplomatic community.

Until now, the April 10-11 summit — a meeting between the U.S. president
and his Latin American and Caribbean counterparts that takes place every
three or four years — was expected to be dominated by images of an
Obama-Castro handshake, or embrace. It will be the first Summit of the
Americas that will include Cuba, after decades in which U.S. presidents
had insisted that only democratic nations could participate.

In recent weeks, after two rounds of official U.S.-Cuba talks to
normalize bilateral relations (a third is scheduled to start Monday),
U.S. and Cuban officials had voiced hopes of announcing the reopening of
their respective embassies in Washington and Havana before or during the
Summit of the Americas.

The summit itself was expected to be a celebration of the U.S.-Cuba
reconciliation, and a major step to improve U.S.-Latin American
relations after decades in which Latin American countries had been
collectively demanding the lifting of U.S. sanctions on the island.

But following Obama’s March 9 executive order ordering financial
sanctions on seven Venezuelan officials and former officials accused of
human rights abuses, and declaring that Venezuela poses “an unusual and
extraordinary threat” to U.S. national security, much of Latin America’s
attention will shift to the growing U.S.-Venezuela spat.

Venezuela’s beleaguered President Nicolás Maduro, whose popularity at
home has collapsed to about 22 percent, is calling for Latin America’s
solidarity in the face of what he calls the “biggest U.S. aggression
against Venezuela” in history. Maduro and his allies are expected to ask
for a summit declaration — or at least a statement by a group of
countries — condemning the U.S. sanctions.

Richard Feinberg, a former Clinton administration official who organized
the first Summit of the Americas in 1994 and has been following these
meetings ever since, believes that Cuba will try to keep Maduro from
stealing the show.

“The Cubans will try to steer Maduro in a way which allows him to make
his points against the U.S. sanctions, but without disrupting the
fiesta,” Feinberg told me.

“The summit’s centerpiece will be the embrace of Obama and Castro,” said
Feinberg, who has been championing the cause of a U.S. lifting of
sanctions on Cuba in recent years. He added that “when that embrace
occurs, every leader of the hemisphere will stand and applaud. It will
be a historic moment in inter-American relations, and it will not be in
Castro’s interest for that to be overshadowed.”

Other close summit watchers say that Obama’s executive order’s language
calling Venezuela an “extraordinary threat” to U.S. national security
has given the Venezuelan government precious diplomatic ammunition to
request a regional condemnation of the U.S. sanctions on Venezuelan
officials at the upcoming summit.

U.S. officials dismiss the executive order’s text as a boilerplate legal
language that was required by the law to impose financial sanctions on
the Venezuelan officials accused of human rights abuses and public
corruption. According to U.S. officials, there has been no change in
U.S. policy on Venezuela.

Asked about the U.S. sanctions on Venezuelan officials, Feinberg told me
that “you have to see these sanctions in the context of an Obama
administration that is negotiating legacy-setting agreements with Iran
and Cuba, and taking ‘soft’ positions in the Middle East. So it may want
to look ‘tough’ on Venezuela, at a very low cost.”

Judging from what I’m hearing from senior U.S. officials, Obama’s
sanctions on Venezuelan officials resulted from the administration’s
growing frustration over the absence of any effective Latin American
pressure on Maduro to stop jailing opposition politicians and allow fair
legislative elections this year.

Obama administration officials expect that, by the time of the summit,
the headlines about the U.S. sanctions on Venezuelan officials will fade
away, and the U.S.-Cuba reconciliation will dominate the headlines.

My opinion: The Obama-Castro embrace will almost surely dominate the
U.S. media’s attention at the summit, and we are likely to be swamped
with stories about the “historic” U.S.-Cuba deal. Americans love
nostalgia, and images of 1950s cars in Havana and Fidel Castro’s 1959
visit to New York get good ratings among farmers in Iowa.

But in Latin America, it’s going to play differently. Unless Obama
disarms Maduro at the summit with hard figures of the hundreds of
millions of dollars stashed in foreign banks by corrupt Venezuelan
officials, Maduro may steal the show from Castro, and dampen U.S. hopes
of a major improvement in U.S.-Latin American ties.

Source: Andres Oppenheimer: Venezuela may spoil Obama-Castro fiesta |
Miami Herald Miami Herald –
http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/news-columns-blogs/andres-oppenheimer/article14080064.html

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